On average, men’s skin is around 25% thicker than  women` s. This is due to the male hormone testosterone. As a result, it is better protected against environmental stress.

Due to the higher testosterone levels, men produce twice as much sebum as women. Men’s skin is therefore often more oily, has larger pores and is more prone to blemishes and acne.

Due to the higher collagen density, men’s skin ages later than women’s skin. The collagen and elastic fibres in men’s skin run crosswise. This means that the skin remains  firm and taut for longer. There is also hardly any cellulite in men` s skin.

The subcutaneous fatty tissue is weaker and the skin is therefore less soft and smooth.

Men’s skin can generally bind moisture better than women’s. It also tends to be less sensitive.

The usual moisture content for young and healthy skin is between 10 and 20 percent. The skin underneath is visibly dry, tight, itchy and flaky.

The pH value of men’s skin is on average slightly lower (more acidic) than that of women. This makes men’s skin more resistant to bacteria and other harmful influences.

Men generally have thicker facial and body hair due to higher testosterone levels. This also influences skin care needs, especially when shaving, which can lead to irritation and ingrown hair.

The skin care needs of men differ from those of women and should be adapted accordingly. Products for men are often designed for thicker, oilier skin.

Skin color is primarily determined by genetics. As part of evolution, different human races with different skin colors have developed through adaptation to certain habitats. Skin colour is determined by the density and distribution of the coloring molecule melanin. Melanin is produced by the so-called melanocytes. These are located at the lowest end of the epidermis, in the outer root sheath and in the bulb of the hair follicle.

The pigment is stored in the melanocytes in small bodies called melanosomes inside the cell. Their function is to protect the cell nucleus and the genetic material it contains from UV light. If sun exposure increases, the skin usually tans. Tanning is therefore nothing else than a protective mechanism.

The melanin is transferred from the melanocytes to the other cells of the epidermis. The amount of melanin determines the skin type. The skin type is not determined by the number of melanocytes, but by their activity. Their number is the same for individuals with different skin types. However, the ability of melanocytes to produce melanin varies greatly.

Thin skin epidermis stained with the Fontana silver method showing a large presence of melanin pigment in the basal and spinous layers. The pigmented cells are both melanocytes and keratinocytes.

The medical photoyping scale
according to Th. Fitzpatrick

Skin type I - Celtic type

is particularly sensitive. It is characterised by very light skin, freckles, red hair and light-coloured eyes. It practically always burns and practically never tans. The self-protection time is up to 10 minutes. Unprotected, there is a high risk of skin cancer.

Skin type II - Nordic type

is characterised by light, sensitive skin, blonde hair and light-coloured eyes. It burns easily and tans minimally. The self-protection time is up to 20 minutes.

Skin type III - Mixed type

shows light to light brown skin, light brown to dark brown hair, light, grey or brown eyes. This type rarely burns and tans well. The self-protection time is up to 30 minutes.

Skin type IV - Mediterranean type

has medium brown, olive-coloured skin, dark hair and dark brown eyes. She rarely burns and tans very well. The self-protection time is up to 60 minutes.

Skin type V - Dark type

has dark brown skin, dark brown hair and dark brown eyes. This type burns very rarely and tans very well. The self-protection time is up to 90 minutes.

Skin type VI - Black type

has dark brown to black skin, dark brown eyes and black hair. It burns extremely rarely or not at all. The self-protection time is longer than 90 minutes.